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  • The pattern of congenital heart defects arising from reduced Tbx5 expression is altered in a Down syndrome mouse model.

The pattern of congenital heart defects arising from reduced Tbx5 expression is altered in a Down syndrome mouse model.

BMC developmental biology (2015-07-26)
Renita C Polk, Peter Gergics, Jeffrey D Steimle, Huiqing Li, Ivan P Moskowitz, Sally A Camper, Roger H Reeves
ABSTRACT

Nearly half of all individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) have some type of congenital heart defect (CHD), suggesting that DS sensitizes to CHD but does not cause it. We used a common mouse model of DS, the Ts65Dn mouse, to study the contribution of Tbx5, a known modifier of CHD, to heart defects on a trisomic backgroun. Mice that were heterozygous for a Tbx5 null allele were crossed with Ts65Dn mice. Thoraxes of progeny were fixed in 10% formalin, embedded in paraffin, and sectioned for analysis of CHD. Gene expression in embryonic hearts was examined by quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization. A TBX5 DNA binding site was verified by luciferase assays. Mice that were heterozygous for a Tbx5 null allele were crossed with Ts65Dn mice. Thoraxes of progeny were fixed in 10% formalin, embedded in paraffin, and sectioned for analysis of CHD. Gene expression in embryonic hearts was examined by quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization. A TBX5 DNA binding site was verified by luciferase assays. We crossed mice that were heterozygous for a Tbx5 null allele with Ts65Dn mice. Mice that were trisomic and carried the Tbx5 mutation (Ts65Dn;Tbx5 (+/-) ) had a significantly increased incidence of overriding aorta compared to their euploid littermates. Ts65Dn;Tbx5 (+/-) mice also showed reduced expression of Pitx2, a molecular marker for the left atrium. Transcript levels of the trisomic Adamts1 gene were decreased in Tbx5 (+/-) mice compared to their euploid littermates. Evidence of a valid binding site for TBX5 upstream of the trisomic Adamts1 locus was also shown. Haploinsufficiency of Tbx5 and trisomy affects alignment of the aorta and this effect may stem from deviations from normal left-right patterning in the heart. We have unveiled a previously unknown interaction between the Tbx5 gene and trisomy, suggesting a connection between Tbx5 and trisomic genes important during heart development.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
MISSION® esiRNA, targeting human TBX5
Sigma-Aldrich
Nitrotetrazolium Blue chloride, ≥90.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Nitrotetrazolium Blue chloride, powder, electrophoresis grade
Sigma-Aldrich
MISSION® esiRNA, targeting mouse Tbx5