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Feasibility of a facile butanol bioproduction using planetary mill pretreatment.

Bioresource technology (2015-09-16)
Jeong Heo Kwon, Hyunsoo Kang, Byoung-In Sang, Yunje Kim, Jiho Min, Robert J Mitchell, Jin Hyung Lee
ABSTRACT

A facile butanol bioproduction process was developed using planetary milling, and Pinus rigida wood waste as a model substrate for fermentable sugars. The use of planetary milling as the pretreatment eliminates the need for washing and transfer of the biomass prior to enzymatic hydrolysis. Moreover, using this pretreatment process resulted in the production of only 0.072 ± 0.003 g/L soluble phenolic compounds, a concentration that was not inhibitory towards Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052. As the milling was performed in a compatible buffer (50mM acetate, pH 4.8), the enzymatic hydrolysis step was initiated by simply adding the cellulase cocktail powder directly to pretreated biomass without washing the biomass or exchanging the buffer, resulting in a glucose yield of 31 g/L (84.02%). Fermentation of the hydrolysate samples by C. beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 gave slightly better butanol yields than cultures grown in a typical lab media (P2), with final concentrations of 6.91 and 6.66 g/L, respectively.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
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3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid, 98%
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