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Silk fibroin scaffolds enhance cell commitment of adult rat cardiac progenitor cells.

Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (2013-04-18)
Valentina Di Felice, Claudia Serradifalco, Luigi Rizzuto, Angela De Luca, Francesca Rappa, Rosario Barone, Patrizia Di Marco, Giovanni Cassata, Roberto Puleio, Lucia Verin, Antonella Motta, Claudio Migliaresi, Annalisa Guercio, Giovanni Zummo
ABSTRACT

The use of three-dimensional (3D) cultures may induce cardiac progenitor cells to synthesize their own extracellular matrix (ECM) and sarcomeric proteins to initiate cardiac differentiation. 3D cultures grown on synthetic scaffolds may favour the implantation and survival of stem cells for cell therapy when pharmacological therapies are not efficient in curing cardiovascular diseases and when organ transplantation remains the only treatment able to rescue the patient's life. Silk fibroin-based scaffolds may be used to increase cell affinity to biomaterials and may be chemically modified to improve cell adhesion. In the present study, porous, partially orientated and electrospun nanometric nets were used. Cardiac progenitor cells isolated from adult rats were seeded by capillarity in the 3D structures and cultured inside inserts for 21 days. Under this condition, the cells expressed a high level of sarcomeric and cardiac proteins and synthesized a great quantity of ECM. In particular, partially orientated scaffolds induced the synthesis of titin, which is a fundamental protein in sarcomere assembly.

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