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Proteomic Analysis of Isolated Plasma Membrane Fractions from the Mammary Gland in Lactating Cows.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2015-08-04)
Qiongxian Yan, Shaoxun Tang, Zhiliang Tan, Xuefeng Han, Chuanshe Zhou, Jinhe Kang, Min Wang
ABSTRACT

The mammary gland of dairy cows is a formidable lipid-synthesizing machine for lactation. This unique function depends on the activities of plasma membrane (PM) proteins in mammary cells. Little information is known about the expression profiles of PM proteins and their functions during the lactating process. This study investigated the proteome map of PM fractions of mammary gland in lactating cows using 1D-Gel-LC-MS/MS and identified 872 nonredundant proteins with 141 unknown proteins, wherein 215 were PM-associated proteins. Most of the PM-associated proteins were binding, transport, and catalytic proteins such as annexin proteins, heat shock proteins, integrins, RAS oncogene family members, and S100 calcium binding proteins. The PM-associated pathways such as caveolae-mediated endocytosis, leukocyte extravasation, aldosterone signaling in epithelial cells, and remodeling of epithelial adherens junctions were also significantly over-represented. Proteomic analysis revealed the characteristics and predicted functions of PM proteins isolated from the lactating bovine mammary gland. These results further provide experimental evidence for the presence of many proteins predicted in the annotated bovine genome. The data generated here also provide a reference for the PM-related functional research in the mammary gland of lactating cows.

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