• Home
  • Search Results
  • Role of the Suprachiasmatic and Arcuate Nuclei in Diurnal Temperature Regulation in the Rat.

Role of the Suprachiasmatic and Arcuate Nuclei in Diurnal Temperature Regulation in the Rat.

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience (2015-11-21)
Mara Alaide Guzmán-Ruiz, Arlen Ramirez-Corona, Natali Nadia Guerrero-Vargas, Elizabeth Sabath, Oscar Daniel Ramirez-Plascencia, Rebecca Fuentes-Romero, Luis Abel León-Mercado, MariCarmen Basualdo Sigales, Carolina Escobar, Ruud Marinus Buijs
ABSTRACT

In mammals, daily changes in body temperature (Tb) depend on the integrity of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Fasting influences the Tb in the resting period and the presence of the SCN is essential for this process. However, the origin of this circadian/metabolic influence is unknown. We hypothesized that, not only the SCN but also the arcuate nucleus (ARC), are involved in the Tb setting through afferents to the thermoregulatory median preoptic nucleus (MnPO). Therefore, we investigated by neuronal tracing and microdialysis experiments the possible targeting of the MnPO by the SCN and the ARC in male Wistar rats. We observed that vasopressin release from the SCN decreases the temperature just before light onset, whereas α-melanocyte stimulating hormone release, especially at the end of the dark period, maintains high temperature. Both peptides have opposite effects on the brown adipose tissue activity through thermoregulatory nuclei such as the dorsomedial nucleus of the hypothalamus and the dorsal raphe nucleus. The present study indicates that the coordination between circadian and metabolic signaling within the hypothalamus is essential for an adequate temperature control. When circadian and metabolic systems are not well synchronized, individuals may develop metabolic diseases. The underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the balance between the releases of neuropeptides derived from the biological clock and from a metabolic sensory organ as the arcuate nucleus, are essential for an adequate temperature control. These observations show that brain areas involved in circadian and metabolic functions of the body need to interact to produce a coherent arrangement of physiological processes associated with temperature control.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, for molecular biology, DNase, RNase, and protease, none detected, ≥99% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 0.9% in water, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M in H2O, BioReagent, for molecular biology, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~1 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M
SAFC
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, anhydrous, BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥96.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, anhydrous, powder, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.0-100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 0.85%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~5 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioPerformance Certified, ≥99% (titration), suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, tablet
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, random crystals, optical grade, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride-35Cl, 99 atom % 35Cl