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Glucose Synthesis in a Protein-Based Artificial Photosynthesis System.

Applied biochemistry and biotechnology (2015-07-15)
Hao Lu, Wenqiao Yuan, Jack Zhou, Parkson Lee-Gau Chong
ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to understand glucose synthesis of a protein-based artificial photosynthesis system affected by operating conditions, including the concentrations of reactants, reaction temperature, and illumination. Results from non-vesicle-based glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAP) and glucose synthesis showed that the initial concentrations of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), lighting source, and temperature significantly affected glucose synthesis. Higher initial concentrations of RuBP and ATP significantly enhanced GAP synthesis, which was linearly correlated to glucose synthesis, confirming the proper functions of all catalyzing enzymes in the system. White fluorescent light inhibited artificial photosynthesis and reduced glucose synthesis by 79.2 % compared to in the dark. The reaction temperature of 40 °C was optimum, whereas lower or higher temperature reduced glucose synthesis. Glucose synthesis in the vesicle-based artificial photosynthesis system reconstituted with bacteriorhodopsin, F 0 F 1 ATP synthase, and polydimethylsiloxane-methyloxazoline-polydimethylsiloxane triblock copolymer was successfully demonstrated. This system efficiently utilized light-induced ATP to drive glucose synthesis, and 5.2 μg ml(-1) glucose was synthesized in 0.78-ml reaction buffer in 7 h. Light-dependent reactions were found to be the bottleneck of the studied artificial photosynthesis system.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
8-Hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt, ≥96%
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethyldisiloxane, viscosity 0.65 cSt (25 °C)
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(dimethylsiloxane), viscosity 1.0 cSt (25 °C)