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  • p53 checkpoint ablation exacerbates the phenotype of Hinfp dependent histone H4 deficiency.

p53 checkpoint ablation exacerbates the phenotype of Hinfp dependent histone H4 deficiency.

Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) (2015-06-02)
Prachi N Ghule, Rong-Lin Xie, Jennifer L Colby, Stephen N Jones, Jane B Lian, Andre J van Wijnen, Janet L Stein, Gary S Stein
ABSTRACT

Histone Nuclear Factor P (HINFP) is essential for expression of histone H4 genes. Ablation of Hinfp and consequential depletion of histones alter nucleosome spacing and cause stalled replication and DNA damage that ultimately result in genomic instability. Faithful replication and packaging of newly replicated DNA are required for normal cell cycle control and proliferation. The tumor suppressor protein p53, the guardian of the genome, controls multiple cell cycle checkpoints and its loss leads to cellular transformation. Here we addressed whether the absence of p53 impacts the outcomes/consequences of Hinfp-mediated histone H4 deficiency. We examined mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking both Hinfp and p53. Our data revealed that the reduced histone H4 expression caused by depletion of Hinfp persists when p53 is also inactivated. Loss of p53 enhanced the abnormalities in nuclear shape and size (i.e. multi-lobed irregularly shaped nuclei) caused by Hinfp depletion and also altered the sub-nuclear organization of Histone Locus Bodies (HLBs). In addition to the polyploid phenotype resulting from deletion of either p53 or Hinfp, inactivation of both p53 and Hinfp increased mitotic defects and generated chromosomal fragility and susceptibility to DNA damage. Thus, our study conclusively establishes that simultaneous loss of both Hinfp and the p53 checkpoint is detrimental to normal cell growth and may predispose to cellular transformation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-phospho-Histone H2A.X (Ser139) Antibody, clone JBW301, clone JBW301, Upstate®, from mouse
Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-α-Tubulin antibody produced in mouse, ascites fluid, clone B-5-1-2
Roche
5-Bromo-2′-deoxy-uridine Labeling and Detection Kit I, sufficient for ≤100 tests, kit of 1 (5 components), suitable for immunofluorescence