Cystatin C is the major inhibitor of the cysteine cathepsins. Polymorphisms in the cystatin C gene have recently been associated with the risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). Oxidative stress is also thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of AMD. We surveyed the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid of the C57BL/6J mouse for the expression of the cysteine cathepsins under normoxic and hyperoxic (75% O(2)) conditions. Microarray analysis of RPE/choroid mRNA revealed the expression of cathepsins B and L, as well as cystatin C under all experimental conditions. The microarray results were confirmed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Localization of the mRNA species for cystatin C and cathepsin B, as well as, localization of protein species for cystatin C, cathepsins B and L were performed to evaluate the tissue distribution of these species. Our results indicate that cystatin C is largely synthesized in the RPE and secreted from the basal side. Cathepsin B is the major cysteine protease in the RPE and choroid. The expression of all mRNAs and proteins was elevated by exposure to oxidative stress.
Research. Development. Production.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.