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  • Genetic variation and haplotype structures of the glutathione S-transferase genes GSTA1 and GSTA2 in Japanese colorectal cancer patients.

Genetic variation and haplotype structures of the glutathione S-transferase genes GSTA1 and GSTA2 in Japanese colorectal cancer patients.

Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (2011-08-17)
Keiko Maekawa, Tetsuya Hamaguchi, Yoshiro Saito, Naoko Tatewaki, Kouichi Kurose, Nahoko Kaniwa, Takako Eguchi Nakajima, Ken Kato, Yasuhide Yamada, Yasuhiro Shimada, Teruhiko Yoshida, Naoyuki Kamatani, Takashi Ura, Miyuki Saito, Kei Muro, Nozomu Fuse, Takayuki Yoshino, Toshihiko Doi, Atsushi Otsu, Nagahiro Saijo, Jun-Ichi Sawada, Haruhiro Okuda, Yasuhiro Matsumura
ABSTRACT

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) play a vital role in the phase II biotransformation of many chemicals, including anticancer drugs. In this study, to elucidate the haplotype structures of the two closely related alpha-class genes GSTA1 and GSTA2, we screened for genetic variation in 214 Japanese colorectal cancer patients who received oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. By direct resequencing of the 5'-flanking region, all the exons, and their flanking introns for 107 patients, 29 and 27 variants were identified in GSTA1 and GSTA2, respectively. The known functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) -567T>G, -69C>T, and -52G>A in GSTA1*B were found at allele frequencies of 0.140. Of the four major GSTA2 allelic variants reported previously (GSTA2*A, *B, *C, and *E), only GSTA2*B (frequency = 0.154), *C (0.706), and *E (0.140) were detected. Following linkage disequilibrium analysis, haplotypes of both genes were separately estimated. Then, rapid genotyping methods for 7 and 6 SNPs tagging common haplotypes of GSTA1 and GSTA2, respectively, were developed using the single-base extension assay, and an additional 107 patients were genotyped. Finally, haplotype combinations of both genes were classified into 3 major types: GSTA1*A-GSTA2*C, GSTA1*A-GSTA2*B, and GSTA1*B-GSTA2*E. These findings will be useful in pharmacogenomic studies on xenobiotics including anticancer drugs.

MATERIALS
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Sigma-Aldrich
GST A2-2, Recombinant Human