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Effect of acute acid-base disturbances on the phosphorylation of phospholipase C-γ1 and Erk1/2 in the renal proximal tubule.

Physiological reports (2015-03-18)
Lara A Skelton, Walter F Boron
ABSTRACT

The renal proximal tubule (PT) plays a major role in whole-body pH homeostasis by secreting H(+) into the tubule lumen. Previous work demonstrated that PTs respond to basolateral changes in [CO2] and [HCO3-] by appropriately altering H(+) secretion-responses blocked by the ErbB inhibitor PD168393, or by eliminating signaling through AT1 angiotensin receptors. In the present study, we analyze phosphorylation of three downstream targets of both ErbBs and AT1: phospholipase C-γ1 (PLC-γ1), extracellular-regulated kinase 1 (Erk1), and Erk2. We expose rabbit PT suspensions for 5 and 20 min to our control (Ctrl) condition (5% CO2, 22 mmol/L HCO3-, pH 7.40) or one of several conditions that mimic acid-base disturbances. We found that each disturbance produces characteristic phosphorylation patterns in the three enzymes. For example, respiratory acidosis (elevated [CO2], normal [HCO3-]) at 20 min decreases PLC-γ1 phosphorylation at tyrosine-783 (relative to Ctrl). Metabolic acidosis (normal [CO2], decreased [HCO3-]) for 5 min increases Erk1 phosphorylation (p-Erk1) but not p-Erk2, whereas metabolic alkalosis (normal [CO2], elevated [HCO3-]) for 5 min decreases p-Erk1 and p-Erk2. In the presence of CO2/HCO3-, PD168393 blocks only two of eight induced decreases in phosphorylation. In two cases in which disturbances have no remarkable effects on phosphorylation, PD168393 unmasks decreases and in two others, increases. These drug effects provide insight into the roles of PD168393-sensitive kinases. Our results indicate that PLC-γ1.pY783, p-Erk1, and p-Erk2 in the PT change in characteristic ways in response to acute acid-base disturbances, and thus presumably contribute to the transduction of acid-base signals.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Butyric acid, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Heptanoic acid, ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody, Peroxidase Conjugated, 1 mg/mL (after reconstitution), Chemicon®