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  • The small molecule NSC676914A is cytotoxic and differentially affects NFκB signaling in ovarian cancer cells and HEK293 cells.

The small molecule NSC676914A is cytotoxic and differentially affects NFκB signaling in ovarian cancer cells and HEK293 cells.

Cancer cell international (2014-10-18)
Ethan Sagher, Lidia Hernandez, Callee Heywood, Gary T Pauly, Matthew R Young, Joel Schneider, Nancy H Colburn, Christina M Annunziata
ABSTRACT

The small molecule NSC676914A was previously identified as an NF-κB inhibitor in TPA-stimulated HEK293 cells (Mol Can Ther 8:571-581, 2009). We hypothesized that this effect would also be seen in ovarian cancer cells, and serve as its mechanism of cytotoxicity. OVCAR3 and HEK293 cell lines stably containing a NF-κB luciferase reporter gene were generated. Levels of NF-κB activity were assessed by luciferase reporter assays, after stimulation with LPA, LPS, TPA, and TNFα, in the presence or absence of a known NF-κB inhibitor or NSC676914A, and cytotoxicity was measured. NSC676914A was toxic to both OVCAR3 and HEK293 cells. We also investigated the cytotoxicity of NSC676914A on a panel of lymphoma cell lines with well characterized mutations previously shown to determine sensitivity or resistance to NF-κB inhibition. The compound did not show predicted patterns of effects on NF-κB activity in either lymphoma, ovarian or HEK293 cell lines. In HEK293 cells, the small molecule inhibited NF-κB when cells were stimulated, while in OVCAR3 cells it only partially inhibited NF-κB. Interestingly, we observed rescue of cell death with ROS inhibition. The current study suggests that the effect of NSC676914A on NF-κB depends on cell type and the manner in which the pathway is stimulated. Furthermore, as it is similarly toxic to lymphoma, OVCAR3 and HEK293 cells, NSC676914A shows promising NF-κB-independent anti-cancer activity in ovarian tumor cells.