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Clec4A4 is a regulatory receptor for dendritic cells that impairs inflammation and T-cell immunity.

Nature communications (2016-04-14)
Tomofumi Uto, Tomohiro Fukaya, Hideaki Takagi, Keiichi Arimura, Takeshi Nakamura, Naoya Kojima, Bernard Malissen, Katsuaki Sato
ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs) comprise several subsets that are critically involved in the initiation and regulation of immunity. Clec4A4/DC immunoreceptor 2 (DCIR2) is a C-type lectin receptor (CLR) exclusively expressed on CD8α(-) conventional DCs (cDCs). However, how Clec4A4 controls immune responses through regulation of the function of CD8α(-) cDCs remains unclear. Here we show that Clec4A4 is a regulatory receptor for the activation of CD8α(-) cDCs that impairs inflammation and T-cell immunity. Clec4a4(-/-)CD8α(-) cDCs show enhanced cytokine production and T-cell priming following Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated activation. Furthermore, Clec4a4(-/-) mice exhibit TLR-mediated hyperinflammation. On antigenic immunization, Clec4a4(-/-) mice show not only augmented T-cell responses but also progressive autoimmune pathogenesis. Conversely, Clec4a4(-/-) mice exhibit resistance to microbial infection, accompanied by enhanced T-cell responses against microbes. Thus, our findings highlight roles of Clec4A4 in regulation of the function of CD8α(-) cDCs for control of the magnitude and quality of immune response.

MATERIALS
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Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, 1 mg/mL, clone M2, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution (50% glycerol, 10 mM sodium phosphate, and 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4)
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Anti-Human IgG (Fc specific)−Peroxidase antibody produced in goat, affinity isolated antibody

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