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Salivary anti-capsular antibodies in infants and children immunised with Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharides conjugated to diphtheria or tetanus toxoid.

Vaccine (2000-01-29)
M Korkeila, H Lehtonen, H Ahman, O Leroy, J Eskola, H Käyhty
ABSTRACT

Saliva samples of infants and children immunised with pneumococcal vaccines were analysed for anti-polysaccharide (PS) antibodies against the Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pnc) vaccine serotypes 6B, 14, 19F, and 23F. The children received Pnc conjugate vaccine (1, 3, or 10 micrograms of PSs conjugated to diphtheria or tetanus toxoid) or placebo at 2, 4, and 6 months. At 7 months of age salivary PS antibodies were detected rarely. All children received Pnc conjugate or PS vaccine at 14 months of age. At 15 months, both IgA and IgG anti-Pnc PS were found, anti-19F and anti-14 antibodies occurring most frequently and in the highest concentrations. IgA was in the secretory form and predominantly IgA1. A negative dose dependency was observed in IgA anti-19F response. In general, no clear differences in salivary antibody responses were found between the children primed with conjugate vaccine in infancy and those who received their first Pnc vaccine at 14 months of age, suggesting that priming with Pnc conjugate vaccines does not lead to remarkable mucosal memory responses.

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