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Structured Mono- and Diacylglycerols with a High Content of Medium Chain Fatty Acids.

Journal of oleo science (2017-08-11)
Alaina A Esperón-Rojas, R Baeza-Jiménez, Cynthia Cano-Sarmiento, Hugo S García
ABSTRACT

In the present work, direct enzyme-catalysed esterification of medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) from three different sources (Medium chain triacylglycerols, MCT; saponified MCT and a mixture of free MCFA) was evaluated to obtain structured mono- and diacylglycerols. The esterifications were carried out mixing the different sources of MCFA with glycerol at two weight ratios (1:1 and 4:1, w/w), using three immobilized lipases: Novozym 435, Lipozyme RM IM and Lipozyme TL IM; different reaction times (t = 0, 15, 30, 60, 120 min); enzyme loadings (5, 10 or 15% with respect to the total weight of substrates). The extent of esterification was determined by gas chromatography (GC) analysis of the acylglycerols produced. The highest incorporation of free MCFA into glycerol was obtained for a 1:1 (w/w) glycerol to free MCFA ratio, 5% of Novozym 435, at 50°C, 300 rpm, 10% of molecular sieves and a commercial MCFA mixture as starting material. Under these conditions, incorporation of at least 90% of MCFA into glycerol was achieved after 30 min of reaction.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dodecanoic acid, ≥99% (GC/titration)
Trilaurin, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard