Volatile flavor constituents in the pork broth of black-pig.

Food chemistry (2017-03-04)
Jian Zhao, Meng Wang, Jianchun Xie, Mengyao Zhao, Li Hou, Jingjing Liang, Shi Wang, Jie Cheng
ABSTRACT

Pork of black-pig in China is well known for its quality and preferred by consumers. However, there is a lack of research on its flavors. By solvent assisted flavor evaporation combined with GC-MS, 104 volatile compounds in the stewed pork broth of black-pig were identified with the dominant amounts of fatty acids, alcohols, and esters. By aroma extract dilution analysis-GC-O method, 27 odor-active compounds were characterized, including 2-methyl-3-furanthiol, 3-(methylthio)propanal, 2-furfurylthiol, γ-decalactone, nonanal, (E)-2-nonenal, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal that had high FD factors. Compared to the common white-pig, the aroma compounds in both pork broths were almost the same, but the aroma profile of potent odorants for the black-pig pork broth showed less fatty and more roasted notes, which were partially attributed to the higher monounsaturated fatty acids and lower polyunsaturated fatty acids in meat. With aid of authentic chemicals and selected reaction monitoring mode of GC-MS/MS, 19 aroma compounds were quantitated.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2-Pentylfuran, ≥98%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Methional, ≥97%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Methyl-3-furanthiol, ≥95%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-2-Nonenal, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-2-Undecenal, ≥95%, stabilized, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexanal, natural, ≥95%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-2-Octenal, ≥95%, stabilized, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Thiophenethiol, ≥98%, FG