Environmental Fate of

Environmental science & technology (2017-10-27)
Christopher I Olivares, Camila L Madeira, Reyes Sierra-Alvarez, Warren Kadoya, Leif Abrell, Jon Chorover, Jim A Field

2,4-Dinitrosanisole (DNAN) is an insensitive munitions component replacing conventional explosives. While DNAN is known to biotransform in soils to aromatic amines and azo-dimers, it is seldom mineralized by indigenous soil bacteria. Incorporation of DNAN biotransformation products into soil as humus-bound material could serve as a plausible remediation strategy. The present work studied biotransformation of DNAN in soil and sludge microcosms supplemented with uniformly ring-labeled