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Characterization of Volatile Sulfur Compounds in Moutai Liquors by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Gas Chromatography-Pulsed Flame Photometric Detection and Odor Activity Value.

Journal of food science (2017-11-14)
Shuang Chen, Sha Sha, Michael Qian, Yan Xu
ABSTRACT

This study investigated the aroma contribution of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) in Moutai liquors. The VSCs were analyzed using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-pulsed flame photometric detection (HS-SPME-GC-PFPD). The influences of SPME fibers, ethanol content in the sample, pre-incubation time, and extraction temperature and time on the extraction of VSCs were optimized. The VSCs were optimally extracted using a divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber, by incubating 10 mL diluted Chinese liquor (5% vol.) with 3 g NaCl at 30 °C for 15 min, followed by a subsequent extraction for 40 min at 30 °C. The optimized method was further validated. A total of 13 VSCs were identified and quantified in Moutai liquors. The aroma contribution of these VSCs were evaluated by their odor activity values (OAVs), with the result that 7 of 13 VSCs had OAVs > 1. In particular, 2-furfurylthiol, methanethiol, dimethyl trisulfide, ethanethiol, and methional had relatively high OAVs and could be the key aroma contributors to Moutai liquors. In this study, a method for analyzing volatile sulfur compounds in Chinese liquors has been developed. This method will allow an in-depth study the aroma contribution of volatile sulfur compounds in Chinese liquors. Seven volatile sulfur compounds were identified as potential key aroma contributors for Moutai liquors, which can help to the quality control of Moutai liquors.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Tenax® TA / Carboxen® 1018, glass TD tube, preconditioned, O.D. × L 1/4  in. × 3 1/2  in., Sealed with (Swagelok® End-Fittings), pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 78 HBr on Carboxen® 564 specially cleaned (20/45), 400/200 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 110 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 90 Carboxen® 564 (20/45), 160/80 mg, W,F,F separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 75 mm, pkg of 25 ea, for analyte group MEK (methylethyl ketone)
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl 3-(methylthio)propionate, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 500 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating PDMS
Supelco
SPME Sampling Stand, for use with 15 mL vials
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
SPME Sampling Stand, for use with 4 mL vials
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1003, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating PDMS/DVB
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating CAR/PDMS
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 563, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 3
Supelco
SPME/HPLC Interface, rheodyne valve version
Supelco
Carboxen® 1000 Reversible SPE Tube, 200 mg/mL, pk 30
Supelco
Carboxen® 572 for Tobacco Smoke, Adsorbent Bed Wt: (300 mg), cartridge volume 3 mL, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
ORBO-93 Sorbent Tube, matrix Carboxen® 1000, ORBO tube I.D. × L 6 mm × 95 mm, Bed B 90 mg, Bed A 180 mg, 60/80 mesh, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
SPME FFA PTFE Sealing Cups, size 23ga Beveled (No line)
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly polyacrylate (PA), df 85 μm (PA), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder