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  • Active site mapping of the serine proteases human leukocyte elastase, cathepsin G, porcine pancreatic elastase, rat mast cell proteases I and II. Bovine chymotrypsin A alpha, and Staphylococcus aureus protease V-8 using tripeptide thiobenzyl ester substrates.

Active site mapping of the serine proteases human leukocyte elastase, cathepsin G, porcine pancreatic elastase, rat mast cell proteases I and II. Bovine chymotrypsin A alpha, and Staphylococcus aureus protease V-8 using tripeptide thiobenzyl ester substrates.

Biochemistry (1984-06-19)
J W Harper, R R Cook, C J Roberts, B J McLaughlin, J C Powers
ABSTRACT

The primary subsite specificities of human leukocyte elastase, cathepsin G, porcine pancreatic elastase, rat mast cell proteases I and II, bovine chymotrypsin A alpha, and the protease from strain V-8 of Staphylococcus aureus have been mapped with a series of tripeptide thiobenzyl ester substrates of the general formula Boc-Ala-Ala-AA-SBzl, where AA represents one of 13 amino acids. In addition, the effects of a P2 Pro and P4 methoxysuccinyl and succinyl groups were investigated. In an attempt to introduce specificity and/or reactivity into the substrate Boc-Ala-Ala-Leu-SBzl(X), the 4-chloro-, 4-nitro-, and 4-methoxythiobenzyl ester derivatives were studied. Enzymatic hydrolyses of the substrates were measured in the presence of 4,4'-dithiobis(pyridine) or 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid), which provided a highly sensitive assay method for free thiol. The thio esters were excellent substrates for the enzymes tested, and in many cases, the best substrates reported here have kcat/KM values higher than those reported previously. The best substrate for human leukocyte elastase was Boc-Ala-Pro-Nva-SBzl(Cl), which has a kcat/KM of 130 X 10(6) M-1 s-1. A very reactive rat mast cell protease substrate, Boc-Ala-Ala-Leu-SBzl(NO2), was also found. The S. aureus V-8 protease was the most specific enzyme tested since it hydrolyzed only Boc-Ala-Ala-Glu-SBzl. Substituents on the thiobenzyl ester moiety of Boc-Ala-Ala-Leu-SBzl resulted in decreased KM values with human leukocyte elastase and rat mast cell protease I when compared to the unsubstituted derivative.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Elastase from porcine pancreas, Type I, ≥4.0 units/mg protein
Sigma-Aldrich
Elastase from porcine pancreas, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Elastase from porcine pancreas, Type IV, Protein 50-90 %, lyophilized powder, ≥4.0 units/mg protein (biuret)
Sigma-Aldrich
Elastase from human leukocytes, lyophilized powder, ≥50 units/mg protein (Bradford)
Sigma-Aldrich
Elastase from porcine pancreas, Type III, lyophilized powder, Protein 55-85 %, ≥4.0 units/mg protein
Sigma-Aldrich
Boc-Ala-Pro-Nva p-chlorothiobenzyl ester

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