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Extraction of chloroform and methylene chloride in human whole blood and urine by headspace solid phase microextraction (SPME).

Medicine, science, and the law (1999-12-03)
H Seno, A Ishii, K Watanabe, O Suzuki, T Kumazawa
ABSTRACT

Chloroform and methylene chloride were extracted from human whole blood and urine by headspace solid phase microextraction (SPME) using a Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (Carboxen/PDMS) fibre before capillary gas chromatography (GC)/flame ionization detection (FID). Whole blood or urine was placed in a vial and mixed with distilled water. The vial was heated at 30 degrees C, and the solvents were extracted from the headspace by SPME. The extraction efficiencies of chloroform and methylene chloride from whole blood were 40.3% and 35.8%, respectively; those for urine were 57.0% and 43.6%, respectively. The calibration curves for chloroform were linear in the range of 1-8 micrograms/ml for blood and urine samples, and those for methylene chloride in the range of 0.5-8 micrograms/ml. The detection limits for both compounds were 0.3 microgram/ml for whole blood and 0.2 microgram/ml for urine. The headspace SPME with Carboxen/PDMS fibre coupled with GC/FID seems useful for analyses of chloroform and methylene chloride in forensic toxicology and environmental chemistry.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Tenax® TA / Carboxen® 1018, glass TD tube, preconditioned, O.D. × L 1/4  in. × 3 1/2  in., Sealed with (Swagelok® End-Fittings), pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 78 HBr on Carboxen® 564 specially cleaned (20/45), 400/200 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 110 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 90 Carboxen® 564 (20/45), 160/80 mg, W,F,F separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 75 mm, pkg of 25 ea, for analyte group MEK (methylethyl ketone)
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 500 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1003, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 563, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® 1000 Reversible SPE Tube, 200 mg/mL, pk 30
Supelco
Carboxen® 572 for Tobacco Smoke, Adsorbent Bed Wt: (300 mg), cartridge volume 3 mL, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
ORBO-93 Sorbent Tube, matrix Carboxen® 1000, ORBO tube I.D. × L 6 mm × 95 mm, Bed B 90 mg, Bed A 180 mg, 60/80 mesh, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
Carboxen® 569, O.D. × L 1/4  in. × 3 1/2 , glass TD tube, fritted, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen® 572 for Tobacco Smoke, Adsorbent Bed Wt: 300 mg, cartridge size 3 mL, pkg of 50 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder/autosampler
Supelco
Carboxen® 569, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4  in. × 3 1/2  in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, pack of 144 × 290 mg
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder/autosampler, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder, StableFlex fiber