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Metabolomics pilot study to identify volatile organic compound markers of childhood asthma in exhaled breath.

Bioanalysis (2013-09-24)
Florian Gahleitner, Cristina Guallar-Hoyas, Caroline S Beardsmore, Hitesh C Pandya, Cl Paul Thomas
ABSTRACT

In-community non-invasive identification of asthma-specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath presents opportunities to characterize phenotypes, and monitor disease state and therapies. The feasibility of breath sampling with children and the preliminary identification of childhood asthma markers were studied. End-tidal exhaled breath was sampled (2.5 dm³) from 11 children with asthma and 12 healthy children with an adaptive breath sampler. VOCs were collected onto a Tenax®/Carbotrap hydrophobic adsorbent trap, and analyzed by GC-MS. Classification was by retention-index and mass spectra in a 'breath matrix' followed by multivariate analysis. A panel of eight candidate markers (1-(methylsulfanyl)propane, ethylbenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene, 2-octenal, octadecyne, 1-isopropyl-3-methylbenzene and 1,7-dimethylnaphtalene) were found to differentiate between the asthmatic and healthy children in the test cohort with complete separation by 2D principal components analysis (2D PCA). Furthermore, the breath sampling protocol was found to be acceptable to children and young people. This method was found to be acceptable for children, and healthy and asthmatic individuals were distinguished on the basis of eight VOCs at elevated levels in the breath of asthmatic children.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Carbotrap® 202, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 201, for use with Dynatherm ACEM 900/901-FF, I.D. × O.D. × L 1 mm × 6 mm × 7.25 in., pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 317, glass TD tube (fast-flow), preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 100, glass TD tube, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
ORBO 100 on Carbotrap® B (20/40), 350/175 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 7 mm × 110 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
ORBO 101 Carbotrap® B (20/40), 100/50 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 70 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × L 1/4 × 3 1/2, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., stainless steel TD tube, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 202, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., stainless steel TD tube, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., glass TD tube, fritted, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 217, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, glass TD tube, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., stainless steel TD tube, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 349, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × I.D. × L 6 mm × 4 mm × 7 in., preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × I.D. × L 6 mm × 4 mm × 7 in., preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × I.D. × L 6 mm × 4 mm × 4.5 in., preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × I.D. × L 1/4 in. × 5 mm × 7 in., preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® X, 20-40 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × I.D. × L 6 mm × 4 mm × 7 in., preconditioned, pkg of 1 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® Y, 20-40 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® C, 20-40 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® B, 20-40 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® B, 20-40 mesh, pack of 144 × 190 mg
Supelco
Carbotrap® 200 Dynatherm 890, 850, for use with Dynatherm ACEM-9300, ACEM-900 850/890 TDU, MTDU and OI Analytical Air Tube Desorber or DMP-16
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® 300, stainless steel TD tube, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbotrap® Adsorbent, matrix Carbotrap® C, 20-40 mesh, bottle of 500 g