• Home
  • Search Results
  • [Determination of flavor compounds in foxtail millet wine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with headspace solid phase microextraction].

[Determination of flavor compounds in foxtail millet wine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with headspace solid phase microextraction].

Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography (2018-01-27)
Jingke Liu, Aixia Zhang, Shaohui Li, Wei Zhao, Yuzong Zhang, Guosheng Xing
ABSTRACT

To comprehensively understand flavor compounds and aroma characteristics of foxtail millet wine, extraction conditions were optimized with 85 μm polyacrylate (PA), 100 μm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), 75 μm carboxen (CAR)/PDMS and 50/30 μm divinylbenzene (DVB)/CAR/PDMS fibers. The flavor compounds in foxtail millet wine were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME), and the odor characteristics and intensity were analyzed by odor active values (OAVs). The samples of 8 mL were placed in headspace vials with 1.5 g NaCl, then the headspace vials were heated at 60℃ for 40 min. Using HS-SPME with different fibers, a total of 55 flavor compounds were identified from the samples, including alcohols, esters, benzene derivatives, hydrocarbons, acids, aldehydes, ketones, terpenes, phenols and heterocycle compounds. The main flavor compounds were alcohols compounds. According to their OAVs, phenylethyl alcohol, styrene, 1-methyl-naphthalene, 2-methyl-naphthalene, benzaldehyde, benzeneacetaldehyde and 2-methoxy-phenol were established to be odor-active compounds. Phenylethyl alcohol and benzeneacetaldehyde were the most prominent odor-active compounds. PA and PDMS fibers had good extraction effect for polar and nonpolar compounds, respectively. CAR/PDMS and DVB/CAR/PDMS provided a similar compounds profile for moderate polar compounds. This research comprehensively determined flavor compounds of foxtail millet wine, and provided theoretical basis for product development and quality control.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Tenax® TA / Carboxen® 1018, glass TD tube, preconditioned, O.D. × L 1/4  in. × 3 1/2  in., Sealed with (Swagelok® End-Fittings), pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 78 HBr on Carboxen® 564 specially cleaned (20/45), 400/200 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 110 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
ORBO 90 Carboxen® 564 (20/45), 160/80 mg, W,F,F separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 75 mm, pkg of 25 ea, for analyte group MEK (methylethyl ketone)
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 500 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating PDMS
Supelco
SPME Sampling Stand, for use with 15 mL vials
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
SPME Sampling Stand, for use with 4 mL vials
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1003, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating PDMS/DVB
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating CAR/PDMS
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 563, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 3
Supelco
SPME/HPLC Interface, rheodyne valve version
Supelco
Carboxen® 1000 Reversible SPE Tube, 200 mg/mL, pk 30
Supelco
Carboxen® 572 for Tobacco Smoke, Adsorbent Bed Wt: (300 mg), cartridge volume 3 mL, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
ORBO-93 Sorbent Tube, matrix Carboxen® 1000, ORBO tube I.D. × L 6 mm × 95 mm, Bed B 90 mg, Bed A 180 mg, 60/80 mesh, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
SPME FFA PTFE Sealing Cups, size 23ga Beveled (No line)
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly polyacrylate (PA), df 85 μm (PA), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 60 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with autosampler/HPLC, needle size 24 ga, StableFlex fiber