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Improved genotyping of the human minor histocompatibility antigen HB-1 by polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers using a complementary oligonucleotide.

Tissue antigens (2010-08-20)
M-J Park, H-B Choi, T-G Kim
ABSTRACT

Single nucleotide polymorphisms of minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) have been genotyped by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP). Because discriminating the genotype of HB-1 Y by PCR-SSP under various PCR conditions was difficult, we optimized the use of oligonucleotides complementary to the allele-specific forward primer to improve the specificity of the HB-1 Y PCR-SSP. Specific allele discrimination was possible with an annealing temperature between 61°C and 63°C and in the presence of a threefold excess of a 15-bp complementary oligonucleotide. In conclusion, the inclusion of a complementary oligonucleotide in the PCR-SSP assay may improve its specificity and selectivity for genotyping several mHags for which optimizing PCR conditions have been difficult.