Skip to Content
HomeWet Chemical AnalysisHow to Use a Density Bottle

# How to Use a Density Bottle

Density bottles, also known as a pycnometer or specific gravity bottles are mainly used to determine the density of liquids of moderate viscosity. They are not volumetric instruments, however, they are calibrated 'to contain' as in the case of volumetric flasks.

## Handling

1. Determine the weight of the dry and empty density bottle.
2. Fill the density bottle with liquid, avoiding bubbles. The ground neck should be covered to about 1/3.
3. In a thermostatic bath, adjust the temperature of the bottle and contents to 20 °C.
4. Align the stopper respectively, the thermometer of the density bottle according to the marking, and insert carefully. The capillary tube fills up and the displaced liquid comes out.
5. Carefully dry the outer surfaces of the stopper (respectively, the side capillary) and the density bottle with tissue.
6. Determine the weight of the filled density bottle.
7. To prevent any potential contamination of the bottle or the sample being tested, hold the bottle with dry hands.

Calculate the density from the mass (weight) and the volume of the liquid at the reference temperature of 20 °C. The volume is engraved on the bottle. Use the following equation:

Density (ρ) = Mass (m)/Volume (V)

Take the buoyancy of the air into account for weighing.

Note: Calibrated density bottles have a unique identification number on all component parts. Only use parts with the same number together.

## ADVANTAGES OF USING A DENSITY BOTTLE IN DETERMINING THE DENSITY OF LIQUIDS

• Precision: Density bottles are designed to have a precisely known volume, allowing for accurate measurements of the liquid's density.
• Direct Measurement: By directly measuring the mass and volume of the liquid, the density can be calculated without the need for complex conversions or additional calculations.
• Reliability: The use of a density bottle provides a reliable method for determining the density of liquids, which is crucial in various scientific, industrial, and quality control applications.
• Wide Applicability: Density bottles can be used for a wide range of liquids, making them versatile and suitable for different types of samples.
• Quality Control: In industrial settings, density measurements are important for quality control processes, and the use of density bottles ensures accurate and consistent results.
Products
Loading
Sign In To Continue

To continue reading please sign in or create an account.

Don't Have An Account?