To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of Acid Phosphatase.
This procedure applies to all products that have a specification for Acid Phosphatase.
3.1 Purified Water – water from a deionizing system, resistivity > or = 18MΩ•cm @ 25 ºC
3.2. Unit Definition – One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of p-nitrophenyl phosphate per minute at pH 4.8 at 37 °C.
p-Nitrophenyl Phosphate + H2O Acid Phosphatase > p-Nitrophenol + Pi
Analytical services personnel should follow this protocol as written.
Refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for hazards and appropriate handling precautions.
T=37 °C, pH=4.8, A410nm, Light path=1 cm
Spectrophotometric Stop Rate Determination
7.3.1 90 mM Citrate Buffer, pH 4.8 at 37 °C (Buffer)
Prepare a 26.5 mg/mL solution in purified water using Citric Acid, Trisodium, Dihydrate, Product No C7254. Adjust to pH 4.8 at 37 °C with 1 M NaOH/HCL.
7.3.2 15.2 mM P-Nitrophenyl Phosphate (PNPP)
Prepare a 5.64 mg /mL solution in purified water using p-Nitrophenyl Phosphate.
7.3.3 100 mM Sodium Hydroxide Solution (NaOH)
Prepare 200 mL by diluting 20 mL of 1.0 N Sodium Hydroxide, Product No. S2567 in purified water, using a 200 mL volumetric flask.
7.3.4 Acid Phosphatase Enzyme Solution (Enzyme)
Immediately before use, prepare a solution containing 0.15-0.25 un/mL of Acid Phosphatase in cold purified water.
7.4 TEST METHOD
7.4.4 Mix by inversion and using a suitable spectrophotometer record the absorbance at 410 nm for both the Test and the Blank.
|7.5.1||Units/mL enzyme =||ΔA410nm Test - ΔA410nm Blank)*(5.1)*(df)|
5.1 = Total volume (in milliliters) of solution
df = Dilution factor
10 = Time of assay (in milliliters) as per the Unit Definition
18.3 = Millimolar extinction coefficient of p-Nitrophenol
0.1 = Volume (in milliliter) of enzyme used
|7.5.2||Units/mg solid =||Units/mL enzyme|
|mg solid/mL enzyme|
|7.5.3||Units/mg solid =||Units/mL enzyme|
|mg solid/mL enzyme|
7.6 FINAL ASSAY CONCENTRATION
In a 1.10 mL reaction mix, the final concentrations are 41 mM citric acid, 6.9 mM p-nitrophenyl phosphate, and 0.015-0.025 units of acid phosphatase.