Enzymatic Assay of β-Glucuronidase (EC 3.2.1.31) from E. coli

1. Objective

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of β-Glucuronidase.

2. Scope

The scope of this procedure is all products from E. coli that have a specification for β-Glucuronidase activity.

3. Definitions

One modified "Fishman" unit will liberate 1.0 μg of phenolphthalein from phenolphthalein glucuronide per hour at pH 6.8 at 37 °C.

4. Discussion

Phep-Gluc + H2O β-Glucuronidase > D-Glucuronate + Phenolphthalein
Abbreviation used:
PheP-Gluc = Phenolphthalein Glucuronide

5. Responsibilities

Analytical services personnel should follow this protocol as written.

6. Safety

Refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for hazards and appropriate handling precautions.

7. Procedure

Conditions:

T = 37 °C, pH = 6.8, A540nm, Light path = 1 cm

Method:

Spectrophotometric Stop Rate Determination

Reagents:

  • 75 mM Potassium Phosphate Buffer, with 1.0% (w/v) bovine serum albumin, pH 6.8 at 37 °C
    Prepare 100 mL in deionized water using potassium phosphate, monobasic, anhydrous, Product No. P5379 and albumin, bovine, Product No. A4503. Adjust to pH 6.8 at 37 °C with 1 M KOH.
  • 3.0 mM Phenolphthalein Glucuronide Substrate Solution (PheP-Gluc)
    Prepare 10 mL in deionized water using Phenolphthalein Glucuronic Acid, Free Acid, Product No. P0501.
  • 200 mM Glycine Buffer Solution, pH 10.4.
    Use Glycine Buffer Solution, Product No. 105-2, or prepare 100 mL in deionized water using Glycine Free Base, Product No. G7126. Adjust to pH 10.4 at 37 °C with 1 M NaOH.
  • β-Glucuronidase Enzyme Solution
    Immediately before use, first prepare a 5 mg/mL solution of β-Glucuronidase in cold Reagent A. Then dilute to a final concentration of 400 - 800 units/mL in cold reagent A.
  • 95% (v/v) Ethanol
    Prepare 20 mL in deionized water using 200 Proof USP Ethyl Alcohol, Quantum Chemical Corporation.
  • 0.05% (w/v) Phenolphthalein Standard Solution (Std Soln)
    Prepare 5 mL by dissolving 2.5 mg of Phenolphthalein, Product No. P9750 in 5 mL of Reagent E or use Phenolphthalein Standard Solution, Product No. 105-1.

Test Method:

Pipette (in milliliters) the following reagents into suitable containers:

Mix by inversion and equilibrate to 37 °C. Then add:

Mix by inversion and incubate at 37 °C for exactly 30 minutes. Then add:

Immediately mix by inversion. Transfer the solutions to suitable cuvettes and record the absorbance at 540 nm for both the Test and Blank using a suitable spectrophotometer.

Standard Curve:

Prepare a standard curve by pipetting (in milliliters) the following reagents into suitable containers:

Mix by inversion and transfer the standards to suitable cuvettes. Record the A540nm for each standard using a suitable spectrophotometer.

Calculations:

Standard Curve:
Corrected ΔA540 Standard = A540 Standard - A540 Standard blank
Prepare a standard curve by plotting the ΔA540 for the Standard vs micrograms of Phenolphthalein.

Sample Determination:
Corrected ΔA540 Sample = A540 Sample - A540 Sample blank
Determine the total micrograms of phenolphthalein liberated using the Standard curve.

Units/mL enzyme = (μg phenolphthalein released)(2)(df)
(0.1)

2 = Time correction of assay (Unit Definition = 1 hour)
df = Dilution factor
0.1 = Volume (in milliliters) of enzyme used

Units/g solid = units/mL enzyme
g solid/mL enzyme
Units/g protein = units/mL enzyme
g protein/mL enzyme

Final Assay Concentration:

In a 1.50 mL reaction mix, the final concentrations are 30 mM potassium phosphate, 0.50 mM phenolphthalein glucuronic acid, and 40 - 80 units β-glucuronidase.

NOTES:

  1. This assay is based on the cited references.
  2. Where our Product or are specified, equivalent reagents may be substituted.
Materials
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