1. Objective

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of Fumarase in Analytical Services at Sigma-Aldrich - St. Louis.

2. Scope

The scope of this procedure is for all products that have a specification for Fumarase activity including, but not limited to, Sigma-Aldrich Product Number F1757.

3. Definitions

3.1 Purified Water = water from a deionizing system, resistivity > or = 18MΩ•cm @ 25 ºC

3.2 Unit Definition - One unit will convert 1.0 μmole of L-Malate to Fumarate per minute at pH 7.6 at 25 ºC.

4. Discussion

L-Malate Fumarase > Fumarate + H2O

5. Responsibilities

It is the responsibility of trained Analytical Services laboratory personnel to follow this procedure as written.

6. Safety

Refer to Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for hazards and appropriate handling precautions.

7. Procedure

T = 25 °C, pH = 7.6, A240nm, Light path = 1 cm

Continuous Spectrophotometric Rate Determination


7.3.1 100mM Potassium Phosphate Buffer, pH 7.6 at 25 ºC (Buffer)
Prepare a 14 mg/ml solution in purified water using Potassium Phosphate, such as Sigma-Aldrich Product Number P5379. Adjust to pH 7.6 at 25 ºC with 1 N KOH.

7.3.2 50mM L-Malic Acid (Malate)
Prepare a 7 mg/ml solution in Reagent 7.3.1 (Buffer) using L-Malic Acid, such as Sigma-Aldrich Product Number M1000. Adjust to pH 7.6 at 25 ºC with KOH.

7.3.3 0.1% Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA)
Prepare a 1 mg/ml solution in purified water using Bovine Serum Albumin, such as Sigma-Aldrich Product Number A6003.

7.3.4 Fumarase Enzyme Solution (Enzyme)
Immediately before use, prepare a solution containing 1 unit/mL of Fumarase in cold Reagent 7.3.3 (BSA). The enzyme solution MUST BE CLEAR AND COLORLESS before addition to the reaction mixture. Any cloudiness indicates the enzyme is not completely solubilized.


7.4.1 Pipet (in milliliters) the following reagents into suitable quartz cuvettes:

7.4.2 Mix by inversion and equilibrate to 25 ºC. Monitor the A240nm until constant, using a suitably thermostatted spectrophotometer. Then add:

Reagent 7.3.4 (Enzyme)





7.4.3 Immediately mix by inversion and record the increase in A240nm for approximately 10 minutes. Obtain the ΔA240nm/minute using the maximum linear rate.



Units/ml =

(ΔA240nm/minute test - ΔA240nm/minute blank)(TV)(df)


df = Dilution Factor
TV = Volume (in milliliters) of assay, differs for Test 1,2,3
2.44 = millimolar extinction coefficient of Fumarate at 240nm
SV = Volume (in milliliters) of enzyme used, differs for Test 1,2,3

Units/mg protein =

Units/mL enzyme

mg protein/mL enzyme

In a 3 mL reaction mix, the final concentrations are 96.7 mM potassium phosphate, 48.3 mM L-malic acid and 0.1 unit fumarase.

8. References & Attachments

8.1 Bergmeyer, H.U., Gawehn, K., and Grassi, M. (1974) in Methods of Enzymatic Analysis (Bergmeyer, H.U., ed) Volume I, 452, Academic Press, Inc., New York, NY.

8.2 Replaces SPMALA01 (v1) for Analytical Services use.

9. Approval

Review, approvals and signatures for this document will be generated electronically using the EDMS. Print a “For Use” copy if hardcopy with signature verification is required.


Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon


Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.