1. Objective

To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of invertase.

2. Scope

This procedure applies to all products that have specification for the enzymatic activity of invertase.

3. Definitions

3.1. Purified Water — water from a deionizing system, resistivity ~ 18MΩ•cm @ 25 ºC

3.2. Unit Definition — One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmol of sucrose to invert sugar per minute at pH 4.5 at 55 ºC

4. Discussion

Sucrose + H2O Invertase > Glucose + Fructose
Both glucose and fructose are detected as reducing sugars.

5. Responsibilities

Analytical services personnel should follow this procedure as written.

6. Safety

Refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for hazards and appropriate handling precautions.

7. Procedure

7.1. CONDITIONS: T = 55 ºC, Abs410, pH = 4.5, Light Path= 1cm

7.2 METHOD:
Spectrophotometric stop reaction

7.3 REAGENTS

7.3.1. 100 mM Sodium Acetate, pH 4.5 at 55 ºC (BUFFER)
Prepare a 13.6 mg/mL solution of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate (Product No. S8625) in purified water. Adjust pH to 55 ºC with 1 M HCl.

7.3.2. 1.0% w/v Sucrose Substrate (SUCROSE)
Prepare a 10 mg/mL solution of Sucrose (Product No. S7903) in Reagent 7.3.1. Prepare fresh.

7.3.3. Invertase (ENZYME)
Immediately before use, prepare a solution containing 0.3 – 0.4 units/mL of Invertase in cold purified water. Suggestion: For increased sample solubility weigh product into a wig-l-bug and dilute accordingly.

7.3.4. 0.5 M NaOH (NaOH)
Prepare a 1:2 dilution of 1 N NaOH (Product No.S2567) in purified water.

7.3.5. 0.5% w/v PAHBAH (PAHBAH)
Prepare a 5 mg/mL solution of p-Hydroxybenzhydrazide (Product No. H9882) in reagent 7.3.4. Prepare fresh.

7.3.6. 5.56 mM Glucose Standard Solution (STD SOLN)
Prepare a 1.0 mg/mL solution of Glucose Standard (Product No. G8270) in purified water.

7.4 Test Method

7.4.1. Pipette the following, in milliliters, into suitable containers:

7.4.2. Mix by swirling and equilibrate to 55 ºC. Then add:

7.4.3. Mix by swirling and incubate at 55 ºC for exactly 20 minutes. Swirl and invert tubes after the 20-minute incubation.

7.4.4. Remove 0.10 mL from each reaction mixture and place in separate tubes containing:

7.4.5. Immediately mix by swirling. Place a marble or vented cap over each tube and place in a boiling water bath.

7.4.6. Boil tubes for 5 minutes. Tubes can be boiled together within 15 minutes of stopping reaction.

7.4.7. Remove from the boiling water bath and cool to room temperature.

7.4.8. Mix by swirling and transfer the solution to suitable cuvettes. Measure the absorbance at 410 nm for all reaction mixtures using a suitable spectrophotometer.

7.5 CALCULATIONS

7.5.1. Standard Curve:

Corrected Absorbance: ΔA410nm Std = A410nm Std - A410nm Std Blank

Prepare a standard curve by plotting the ΔA410nm Std versus the μmoles of glucose.

7.5.2. Corrected ΔA410nm Test = A410nm Test - A410nm Test Blank

where:
df = dilution factor
20 = Time (in minutes) of assay
0.1 = Volume (in milliliters) of enzyme used
2 = Conversion Factor for 1 μmol of sucrose being hydrolyzed to glucose and fructose

7.5.5. Units/mg solid = Units/mL enzyme
mg solid/mL enzyme
7.5.6. Units/mg protein = Units/mg Solid
mg protein/mg Solid

7.5.7. Final Assay Concentrations:
In a 1.00 mL reaction mix, the final concentrations are 90 mM sodium acetate, 0.90% (w/v) sucrose and 0.03 - 0.04 unit invertase.

Materials
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