To standardize a procedure for the recycling micro-assay of β-NAD and β-NADH.


This procedure applies to products that have a specification for the recycling micro-assay of β-NAD and β-NADH.


Purified Water = water from a deionizing system, resistivity > or = 18MΩ•cm @ 25 ºC

β-NADH = β-Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, Reduced Form

β-NAD = β-Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, Oxidized Form

MTT = (3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium Bromide)

PES = Phenazine Ethosiulfate


β - NAD + ethanol AlcoholDehydrogenase > β-NADH + Acetaldehyde
β-NADH + MTT + PES → colored dye + β - NAD


Analytical services personnel should follow this protocol as written.


Refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for hazards and appropriate handling precautions.


7.1. CONDITIONS: PH = 7.8, T = 25 °C, A570 nm, Path Length = 1 cm

7.2. METHOD: Continuous Spectrophotometric Rate Determination


7.3.1. 1 M Bicine (Product No. B3876)
Prepare 163.2 mg/mL in purified water. May vortex to aid in dissolution. Prepare fresh.

7.3.2. 200 proof Ethyl Alcohol (Product No. 459828)

7.3.3. 0.1 M Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA)
Prepare 41.6 mg/mL of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt, hydrate (Product No. ED4SS) in purified water. Vortexing may be used to aid in dissolution.

7.3.4. 20 mM Phenazine Thosulfate (PES; Product No. P4544)
Prepare 6.7 mg/mL of phenazine thosulfate in purified water. Vortexing may be used to aid in dissolution. Prepare fresh and keep on ice. This reagent degrades quickly, and therefore, use within two hours of dissolution.

7.3.5. 10 mM (3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT)
Prepare 4.1 mg/mL of (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (Product No. M2128) in purified water. Vortexing and/or sonication may be used to aid in dissolution. Protect reagent from light and keep at room temperature throughout assay.

7.3.6. 0.045 mM β-Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, Oxidized Form (β-NAD)
Prepare a 0.045 mM solution of β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, oxidized form (Product No. N1636) in cold purified water. Correct for water content of the specific lot. Use class A volumetric glassware. Sonication may be required to aid in dissolution. This reagent should be prepared just before use.

7.3.7. Test Solution (Test)
Prepare a test solution in cold purified water that gives a Δ A570nm/minute over a 5-minute window of ≤ 0.1. Primarily this assay is performed on alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). For ADH, the concentration is usually in the range of 1-10 mg protein/mL.

7.3.8. 120 mM Bicine, 3.7% ETOH, 5 mM EDTA (RC)
Prepare a reaction cocktail in class A volumetric glassware, by combining (in milliliters) the following:

Adjust the pH to 7.8 at 25 °C using 1 M sodium hydroxide (Product No. S2567) or 1 M hydrochloric acid (Product No. H3162).


7.4.1. Pipette the following (in milliliters) into suitable cuvettes using a suitably thermostatted spectrophotometer at 25 °C in the exact order as listed below. Reagent 7.3.4, reagent 7.3.5 and reagent 7.3.6 should be added as quickly as possible after each other. More than two test levels may be performed:

Immediately mix by inversion and record the increase in A570nm for 6 minutes. Obtain the Δ A570nm/minute for a 5-minute window for all levels.


7.5.1. Standard Curve:
Corrected A570nm/minute Standards = (ΔA570nm/minute Standard - ΔA570nm/minute Blank - ΔA570nm/minute Test)

Where: ΔA570nm/minute Test is the average of all ΔA570nm/minute corrected tests as determined in 7.5.2.
Plot corrected Δ A570nm/minute of standards versus nanomoles of β-NAD/reaction mixture of standards and determine the slope, y-intercept and r-square value of the line. The r-square value should be 0.99 or better.

7.5.2. Test Determination:
Corrected ΔA570nm/minute Test = (ΔA570nm/minute Test - ΔA570nm/minute blank)
Determine the nanomoles β-NAD/Test using the standard curve and average all test levels within 90% agreement.

0.100 = Volume (in milliliters) of Reagent 7.3.7 (Test) used in the reaction mixture.
10.0 = Concentration (in mg solid/mL) of Reagent 7.3.7 (Test)
mg Protein/mg Solid = Protein results based on E1% at 280 nm.
1,000,000 = Conversion from milligrams to nanograms
Molecular Weight = Molecular weight for Reagent 7.3.7 (Test). For alcohol dehydrogenase, the molecular weight equals 160,000 from equine liver and 141,000 from baker’s yeast.

7.5.3. For Product No. A3263, the specification is suitable for recycling micro-assay of β-NAD and β-NADH. The suitability criterion has been established as follows: Because A7011 has bound β-NAD and β-NADH and A3263 is supposed to have small amounts of bound β-NAD and β-NADH, then A3263 is deemed suitable if the mole/mole ratio of β-NAD/ADH is 10 times less than the average mole/mole ratio of β-NAD/ADH of A7011.


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