Oswaldien Claassens1, Jacquelyn Irving1, James Stanger2, Greg Ford3, Raelene Tooth1, Keith Harrison1
1Queensland Fertility Group Brisbane, Australia, 2Fertaid Pty Ltd, 3Biomatrica Inc., Diagnostic Technology
Semen samples are often collected at multiple geographic sites for DNA testing. The current practice is to snap-freeze and transport samples on dry-ice to a suitable centre.
DNAgard® Tissue combines synthetic chemistry with the extremophilic properties of tardigrades to allow for the storage and transport of semen at room temperature before DNA testing. To ensure compatability, we evaluated sperm DNA fragmentation by the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA).
To evaluate the suitability of DNAgard for the extended storage of sperm at room temperature before evaluating DNA fragmentation.
Fresh sperm samples were incubated for 24 hours at room temperature in Human Tubal Fluid (HTF) and DNAgard to determine the impact of DNAgard on sperm motility.
Three semen samples forming part of the national sperm DNA fragmentation EQAP were incubated for 5 days at room temperature in DNAgard and HTF respectively.
Samples were shipped at ~ 4 °C, to a different lab in Australia, accompanying the frozen EQAP samples shipped separately on dry ice. DNA fragmentation was determined over 3 months and expressed as DNA Fragmentation Index (DFI).
No sperm motility was seen immediately after adding DNAgard to fresh sperm samples. A significant sperm DNA stabilizing effect was found in DNAgard compared to HTF for both samples with low or high DNA fragmentation.
Comparison of sperm DFI of semen samples diluted in TNE buffer and transport on dry ice (standard protocol) and in DNAgard showed no clinically significant difference in results.
DNAgard is toxic to sperm (impaires motility).
Sperm DNA is stabilized in the presence of DNAgard for up to 5 days at room temperature.
DFI correlates well between sperm shipped on dry ice and sperm stored in DNAgard.
DNAgard could serve as suitable alternative for storage and sperm transport before DNA testing.