Biglycan is a 200-350 kDa(proteoglycan consisting of a 45 kDa core protein and two chrondroitin/dermatan sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains. Biglycan binds to TGF-ß. It also binds to collagen type I in low ionic strength (less than 3 mM phosphate) buffer. At higher ionic strengths, biglycan does not bind to collagen type I. It enhances the inhibition effect of TGF-ß on osteoclast proliferation at a concentration of 4-20 mg/ml. It also prevents the attachment of CHO cells to fibronectin, with a 50% inhibition at 17-21 mg/ml.
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