Merck
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02487

Supelco

Chloroform

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein:
1731042
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9% (GC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

contains

~0.003% amylene as stabilizer

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.444-1.447
n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

agriculture
cleaning products
cosmetics
environmental
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chloroform is a colorless, volatile, liquid derivative of trichloromethane with an ether-like odor. It is a commonly used laboratory solvent. Presently, it is used in the industry as a solvent and in the production of the refrigerant freon. It is majorly used in production of chlorodifluoromethane, which is a refrigerant and fluoropolymer feedstock. It degrades in air to produce phosgene, dichloromethane, formyl chloride, CO, CO2 and hydrogen chloride. It can be orally consumed or inhaled, as it can be quickly absorbed, metabolized and eliminated by mammals.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Protocols

GC Analysis of Class 2 Residual Solvents on OVI-G43

GC Analysis of Class 2 Residual Solvents on OVI-G43

US EPA Method TO-17: GC Analysis of Volatiles on VOCOL® after Collection/Desorption using Air Toxics Tube

US EPA Method TO-17: GC Analysis of Volatiles on VOCOL® after Collection/Desorption using Air Toxics Tube

US EPA Method 8260: GC Analysis of Volatiles on SPB®-624 after Purge & Trap using "K" Trap, Fast GC Analysis

US EPA Method 8260 describes the analysis of volatile organic compounds in solid wastes and ground waters. This application illustrates the analysis of many compounds commonly analyzed by this method using purge and trap coupled to GC-MS.

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