Merck
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PHR1084

Supelco

Metformin hydrochloride

Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

Synonym(s):
1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride, Metformin
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NHC(=NH)N(CH3)2 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
165.62
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

certified reference material
pharmaceutical secondary standard

Quality Level

Agency

traceable to Ph. Eur. M0605000
traceable to USP 1396309

CofA

current certificate can be downloaded

packaging

pkg of 500 mg

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

mp

223-226 °C (lit.)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl[H].CN(C)C(=N)NC(N)=N

InChI

1S/C4H11N5.ClH/c1-9(2)4(7)8-3(5)6;/h1-2H3,(H5,5,6,7,8);1H

InChI key

OETHQSJEHLVLGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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General description

Metformin is a biguanide hypoglycaemic agent and an oral antidiabetic medication widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is effective in glycemic control and decreases the intestinal absorption of glucose, without the problem of serious lactic acidosis.
Pharmaceutical secondary standards for application in quality control, provide pharma laboratories and manufacturers with a convenient and cost-effective alternative to the preparation of in-house working standards.

Application

Metformin hydrochloride may be used as a pharmaceutical reference standard for the quantification of the analyte in pharmaceutical formulations using different chromatography techniques.
These Secondary Standards are qualified as Certified Reference Materials. These are suitable for use in several analytical applications including but not limited to pharma release testing, pharma method development for qualitative and quantitative analyses, food and beverage quality control testing, and other calibration requirements.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metformin is an antidiabetic agent that reduces blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Its metabolic effects, including the inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis, are mediated at least in part by activation of the LKB1-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathway. Activation of this pathway also appears to be involved in the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of metformin in cancer cell lines.

Analysis Note

These secondary standards offer multi-traceability to the USP, EP (PhEur) and BP primary standards, where they are available.

Other Notes

This Certified Reference Material (CRM) is produced and certified in accordance with ISO 17034 and ISO/IEC 17025. All information regarding the use of this CRM can be found on the certificate of analysis.

Footnote

To see an example of a Certificate of Analysis for this material enter LRAB3694 in the slot below. This is an example certificate only and may not be the lot that you receive.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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