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L2378

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Linolenic acid

≥99%, liquid

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Synonym(s):
gamma-Linolenic acid, cis,cis,cis-6,9,12-Octadecatrienoic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H30O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
278.43
Beilstein:
1712253
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

plant oil (borage)

Quality Level

Assay

≥99%

form

liquid

functional group

carboxylic acid

lipid type

omega FAs

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCCCC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H30O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18(19)20/h6-7,9-10,12-13H,2-5,8,11,14-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20)/b7-6-,10-9-,13-12-

InChI key

VZCCETWTMQHEPK-QNEBEIHSSA-N

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This Item
E4504L1376L6503
γ-Linolenic acid ≥99%, liquid

L2378

γ-Linolenic acid

cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid ≥99%

E4504

cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid

Linoleic acid ≥99%

L1376

Linoleic acid

Methyl γ-linolenate ≥99% (GC)

L6503

Methyl γ-linolenate

biological source

plant oil (borage)

biological source

plant oil (Borage)

biological source

plant oil (safflower)

biological source

plant seeds (Borage)

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99% (GC)

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

form

liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

Application

γ-linolenic acid has been used as an analytical standard in gas chromatography. It may be used in nutritional studies regarding weight regain and as a possible tumor suppression agent. γ-linolenic acid is used in studies on the mechanisms and prevention of oxidation/peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids.

Biochem/physiol Actions

γ-Linolenic acid , a polyunsaturated fatty acid, exerts anti-inflammatory effect by decreasing both interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-8 production in the human enterocyte-like cell line Caco-2 and humandendritic cells in vitro .
Gamma-linolenate (C18:6,9,12) differs from α-linolenate (C18:9,12,15) in the positions of the double bonds.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

230.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

110 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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MMYOMAG-74K-13

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J Hindo et al.
Radiation research, 153(2), 201-207 (2000-01-12)
Peroxidation of unconjugated polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linolenic acid proceeds through a free radical chain mechanism and is accompanied by the formation of conjugated dienes such as hydroperoxides. In an investigation of radiation-induced oxidation of aqueous linolenate, we have
Julianne Lindemann et al.
Current medical research and opinion, 25(12), 2865-2875 (2009-10-09)
Asthma can have a negative impact on quality of life although this is not well correlated with objective evaluations of pulmonary function. A medical food, EFF1009, containing the fatty acids gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) decreases leukotriene B(4)
Michael M Meguid et al.
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 24(9), 832-842 (2008-08-30)
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) produces rapid and dramatic weight loss in very heavy obese patients. Up to 20% cannot sustain their weight loss beyond 2 to 3 y after surgery. To identify putative etiologic factors producing post-RYGB weight regain, a
Inmaculada Tasset-Cuevas et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e56986-e56986 (2013-03-06)
Borage (Borago officinalis L.) seed oil has been used as a treatment for various degenerative diseases. Many useful properties of this oil are attributed to its high gamma linolenic acid content (GLA, 18:3 ω-6). The purpose of this study was
P Darcet et al.
Annales de la nutrition et de l'alimentation, 34(2), 277-290 (1980-01-01)
33 healthy men, 72 years old on average, ingested during five week: 2,4 g of Oenothera Biennis oil rich in PUFA. Before and after ingestion, platelet aggregation was measured according to the Born's photometric method, which divided the original group

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