Use this acids and bases chart to find the relative strength of the most common acids and bases. This acid-base chart includes the Ka value for reference along with the chemical's formula and the acid’s conjugate base. The acid and base chart is a reference table designed to make determining the strength of acids and bases simpler. This chart is ideal for use in the lab or in the classroom.
In this chart, the strongest acids are at the top left, and the weakest bases are at the top right. The conjugate base of a strong acid is a weak base; therefore, the conjugate acid of a strong base is a weak acid.
A buffer solution contains a weak acid and its conjugate base or a weak base and its conjugate acid. Buffers work by reacting with a base or acid to control the pH of a solution.