Human(4157) Summary: This intronless gene encodes the receptor protein for melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH). The encoded protein, a seven pass transmembrane G protein coupled receptor, controls melanogenesis. Two types of melanin exist: red pheomelanin and black eumelanin. Gene mutations that lead to a loss in function are associated with increased pheomelanin production, which leads to lighter skin and hair color. Eumelanin is photoprotective but pheomelanin may contribute to UV-induced skin damage by generating free radicals upon UV radiation. Binding of MSH to its receptor activates the receptor and stimulates eumelanin synthesis. This receptor is a major determining factor in sun sensitivity and is a genetic risk factor for melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. Over 30 variant alleles have been identified which correlate with skin and hair color, providing evidence that this gene is an important component in determining normal human pigment variation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Save up to 60% per TRCN when you buy a set with the same options.
MISSION® siRNAs have been designed using a world-class siRNA design algorithm licensed from Rosetta Inpharmatics, a leader in advanced siRNA research. The Rosetta-powered siRNA design algorithm has been optimized with over 3 years of continuous development for enhanced performance in RNAi applications. New and critical siRNA design rules incorporated into the latest algorithm lead to increased target specificity and knockdown for low abundance messages.
Validated MISSION® siRNAs have been functionally validated in Hela cells by Sigma scientists to Knockdown gene expression by 75% or greater. With Validated MISSION® siRNAs, we have done the upfront validation work, so that you do not have to.