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Biochemistry

The cytoplasmic region of mouse Fc gamma RIIb1, but not Fc gamma RIIb2, binds phospholipid membranes.


PMID 10026293

Abstract

The cytoplasmic regions of the mouse low-affinity Fc gamma RII isoforms, Fc gamma RIIb1 and Fc gamma RIIb2, play key roles in signal transduction by mediating different cellular functions. The Fc gamma RIIb1 (94 residues) and Fc gamma RIIb2 (47 residues) cytoplasmic regions are generated by differential mRNA splicing in which a single aspartic acid residue in Fc gamma RIIb2 is replaced by a 48-residue insert in Fc gamma RIIb1. In previous work, quantities of the mFc gamma RIIb1 and mFc gamma RIIb2 cytoplasmic regions were generated, and their secondary structures were examined in different solutions with circular dichroism [Chen, L., Thompson, N. L., and Pielak, G. J. (1997) Protein Sci. 6, 1038-1046]. In the work described here, steady-state light scattering was used to investigate possible interactions of the two isolated cytoplasmic regions with phospholipid vesicles. Three phospholipid compositions were examined: phosphatidylserine/phosphatidylcholine (PS/PC) (25/75, mol/mol); phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate/phosphatidylcholine (PIP2/PC) (25/75, mol/mol); and pure phosphatidylcholine (PC). Binding was examined in the presence and absence of Ca2+. The mFc gamma RIIb1 cytoplasmic peptide binds PS/PC vesicles weakly in the absence of Ca2+ and more strongly in the presence of Ca2+. For PIP2/PC vesicles, the behavior is reversed; binding is weak in the presence of Ca2+ and stronger in its absence. The mFc gamma RIIb1 peptide also weakly binds pure PC vesicles, in a Ca2+-independent manner. The mFc gamma RIIb2 cytoplasmic peptide does not bind, in the presence or absence of Ca2+, to PS/PC, PIP2/PC, or PC vesicles. The implications of these results for the mechanisms of signal transduction mediated by the two mFc gamma RII cytoplasmic regions are discussed.

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