Mutation research

UVA-induced oxidative damage to rat liver nuclei: reduction of iron ions and the relationship between lipid peroxidation and DNA damage.

PMID 10036333


Lipid peroxidation and DNA damage and the relationship between the two events were studied in rat liver nuclei irradiated with low dose UVA. Lipid peroxidation was measured as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) by spectrophotometric method and as malondialdehyde-TBA adduct by HPLC, and DNA damage was measured as 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dGu) and strand breakage (or loss of double-stranded DNA) by a fluorometric analysis of alkaline DNA unwinding method. The results show that UVA irradiation by itself increased nuclear lipid peroxidation but caused little or no DNA strand breakage or 8-OH-dGu. When 0.5 mM ferric (Fe+3) or ferrous (Fe+2) ions were added to the nuclei during UVA irradiation, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage, measured both as 8-OH-dGu and loss of double-stranded DNA, were strongly enhanced. Lipid peroxidation occurred concurrently with the appearance of 8-OH-dGu. Fe3+ ions were reduced to Fe2+ in this UVA/Fe2+/nuclei system. Lipid peroxidation and DNA damage were neither inhibited by scavengers of hydroxyl radical and singlet oxygen nor inhibited by superoxide dismutase and catalase. Inclusion of EDTA or chain-breaking antioxidants, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and diphenylamine (an alkoxy radical scavenger), inhibited lipid peroxidation but not the level of 8-OH-dGu. BHT also did not inhibit the loss of double-stranded DNA in this system. This study demonstrates the reduction of exogenous Fe+3 by UVA when added to rat liver nuclei, and, as a result, oxidative damage is strongly enhanced. In addition, the results show that DNA damage is not a result of lipid peroxidation in this UVA/Fe2+/nuclei system.

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2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol, ≥99.0% (GC), powder