Japanese journal of cancer research : Gann

Growth inhibition, enhancement of intercellular adhesion, and increased expression of carcinoembryonic antigen by overexpression of phosphoinositides-specific phospholipase C beta 1 in LS174T human colon adenocarcinoma cell line.

PMID 10081486


By using a retrovirus-derived system we generated derivatives of the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line LS174T (ATCC CL 188) that stably overexpress a full-length cDNA encoding the beta 1 isoform of bovine phosphoinositides-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). This was confirmed by the elevated levels of catalytic activity to release phosphoinositides from phosphatidylinositol (PI-PLC) or phosphatidylinositol-bis-phosphate (PIP2-PLC), and the enhanced expressions of messenger RNA and protein. PI-PLC beta 1 overexpresser clones grew to form cell clumps floating in liquid medium, whereas the pMV7-introduced control clones displayed morphologic characteristics that were very similar to those of the parent LS174T cell line. Three individual PI-PLC beta 1 overexpresser cell lines displayed increased doubling time (18.0 h, 21.5 h, and 23.8 h) when compared with 4 individual pMV7-introduced control cell lines (13.1 h, 10.7 h, 12.9 h, and 9.3 h). Anchorage-independent growth ability in soft agar medium was dramatically suppressed by overexpression of PLC beta 1, and the ability of PLC-overproducer clones to form aggregates when cultured in liquid medium was dramatically enhanced when compared with that of pMV7-introduced control clones. Tumorigenicity of PLC beta 1-overproducers was much weaker than that of vector-transduced control clones. The spontaneous release of carcinoembryonic antigen from PLC beta 1-overproducer clones was much higher than that from pMV7 control clones. The ability of PLC beta 1-overproducer clones to form aggregates during suspension culture was much stronger than that of the control clones. These results provide the first evidence that elevated levels of endogenous PI-PLC beta 1 suppress tumor cell growth, but enhance the ability to form cell aggregates and to release carcinoembryonic antigen, an intercellular adhesion molecule.

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