Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Rontgengesellschaft ... [et al]

[Angiosarcoma of the right atrium: local control via low radiation doses and razoxane. A case report].

PMID 10093611


Angiosarcomas of the heart are rare neoplasms bearing an unfavorable prognosis. In recent series, the median survival is about 5 months. The response to radiation therapy is uncertain. A 65-year-old copper smith with an angiosarcoma of the right atrium and metastases of the liver received a partial resection of the primary tumor in January 1992. This was followed by a polychemotherapy including ifosfamide, epirubicin and dacarbacin (DTIC). In April 1992, after 5 cycles of this treatment a large regrowth of the primary and multiple pulmonary metastases were observed. After a 4-day pretreatment with the radiosensitizer razoxane, the large tumor of the right heart was irradiated with 25 MV photons of a linear accelerator. Single doses of 200 cGy were given via parallel opposed fields. The total radiation dose at the tumor was 30 Gy. Concomitantly, razoxane was given at a dose of 125 mg twice daily during the radiation days until the end of the radiotherapy. The treatment was well tolerated and the patient went into a subtotal remission. Chest X-rays from September 1992 revealed a progression of the metastases in the lung and the liver, the recurrent tumor of the right atrium remained in a subtotal remission. The patient was retreated with ifosfamide, epirubicin and DTIC. No substantial remission of the metastases occurred and the patient died at the end of January 1993. At autopsy, the recurrent primary and the lung metastases within the region of the former radiation field remained locally controlled. Reviewing the literature and considering this case, irradiation seems to be a valid treatment option for the local control of cardiac angiosarcomas. The combination of radiotherapy with razoxane eventually allows a considerable reduction of the radiation dose.

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Razoxane, >98% (HPLC)