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Biotechnology and bioengineering

Detection of functional groups and antibodies on microfabricated surfaces by confocal microscopy.


PMID 10099415

Abstract

Fluorescence confocal microscopy was used to characterize micron-sized microfabricated silicon particles and planar oxide surfaces after silanization and immobilization of IgG antibody. Surfaces treated with amino- and mercaptosilanes were tested for the presence of amine and sulfhydryl groups by labeling with specific fluorescein probes. In addition, human antibody (IgG) was immobilized to the thiol-coated microparticles using the heterobifunctional crosslinker succinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidolmethyl)-cyclohexane-1-carboxylate. Estimates of the surface density of IgG were consistent with 8.3% of a monolayer of covalently-bound antibody. Confocal images confirmed uniform layers of both silanes and antibodies on the microparticles. The sensitivity limit for the confocal measurements was determined to be as low as 1.5 x 10(-5) fluors per nm2.