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Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV

Characterization of [3H]substance P binding sites in human skin.


PMID 10188142

Abstract

Radioligand binding experiments were performed with crude homogenates from normal human skin in order to investigate substance P receptor density. Binding of [3H]substance P ([3H]SP) reached equilibrium after 20 min and was saturable analysis of saturation curves gave a significantly better fit using two-site binding compared to the single-site model. Competition studies employing some selective agonists for NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors have demonstrated that only the NK1 selective agonist, [Sar9, Met(O2)11]-SP, was a competitor for [3H]SP binding. In addition, the non-hydrolyzable guanosine 5'-0-(3-thiotriphosphate) altered the dissociation of SP from NK1 receptors by increasing the number of low-affinity sites. These data show that in the skin [3H]SP binds to a single population of substance P high-affinity sites, which represent NK1-type receptors.

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