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Free radical research

Differences in the reactivity of phthalic hydrazide and luminol with hydroxyl radicals.


PMID 10193573

Abstract

The reactivity of 5-amino-2,3-dihydro-phthalazine-1,4-dione (luminol) and phthalic hydrazide with hydroxyl radicals was studied. HO*-radicals were generated by the Fenton reaction as well as by water radiolysis. Both luminol and phthalic hydrazide react with hydroxyl radicals under intense chemiluminescence (CL) emission. However, exclusively the CL arising from phthalic hydrazide oxidation can be quenched by competition (e.g. by the addition of carbohydrates), whereas luminol CL is enhanced. The reactivities of both compounds with HO*-radicals were further studied by time-resolved spectroscopy (pulse radiolysis), competition methods, NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Whereas only slight differences were detectable by pulse radiolysis, the analysis of competition kinetics in the presence of p-nitroso-dimethylaniline (NDMA) gave a two-fold-enhanced reactivity for luminol (4.8 x 10(9) l mol(-1) s(-1)) in comparison to phthalic hydrazide (2.0 x 10(9) l mol(-1) s(-1)). NMR and mass spectrometric analyses revealed significant differences in the reactivity of HO*-radicals: whereas in luminol solutions hydroxylation of the aromatic ring system predominated, hydroxylated products were not detectable upon irradiation of phthalic hydrazide. A hypothetical mechanism is proposed which may explain the observed differences.

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P38803
Phthalhydrazide, ReagentPlus®, 99%
C8H6N2O2