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American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation

Steroid-responsive pleuropericarditis and livedo reticularis in an unusual case of adult-onset primary hyperoxaluria.


PMID 10196036

Abstract

We present a case of a 54-year-old woman with rapidly progressive renal failure of uncertain origin, who developed pleuropericarditis and livedo reticularis 6 weeks after initiation of hemodialysis (HD). The presentation with acute renal failure, the development of serositis, and the dramatic clinical response to empiric steroid therapy initially suggested the diagnosis of a systemic inflammatory disorder or vasculitis. Renal biopsy, performed 3 days after presentation, suggested crystal deposition disease, and subsequent investigations, using both dialysate oxalate concentrations and liver biopsy, led to the diagnosis of primary hyperoxaluria (PH). We discuss this atypical adult presentation of PH and propose a role for the use of steroids in the management of the acute inflammatory symptoms of oxalosis. We also briefly discuss the current medical management of patients with PH, including transplantation.