Cancer research

Molecular cloning of a candidate tumor suppressor gene, DLC1, from chromosome 3p21.3.

PMID 10213508


The short arm of chromosome 3 is thought to contain multiple tumor suppressor genes, because one copy of this chromosomal arm frequently is missing in carcinomas that have arisen in a variety of tissues. We have isolated a novel gene encoding a 1755-amino acid polypeptide, through large-scale sequencing of genomic DNA at 3p21.3. Mutational analysis of this gene by reverse transcription-PCR revealed the lack of functional transcripts and an increase of nonfunctional RNA transcripts in a significant proportion (33%) of cancer cell lines and primary cancers (4 of 14 esophageal cancer cell lines, 2 of 2 renal cancer cell lines, 11 of 30 primary non-small cell lung cancers, and 3 of 10 primary squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus). However, no alterations of the gene itself were detected in any of the cancers examined. Introduction of the cDNA significantly suppressed the growth of four different cancer cell lines, two of which produced no normal transcript on their own. No such effect occurred when antisense cDNA, cDNA corresponding to an aberrant transcript, or the vector DNA alone were transfected. These data suggest that aberrant transcription of this gene, designated DLC1 (deleted in lung cancer 1), may be involved in carcinogenesis of the lung, esophagus, and kidney.