Life sciences

Differential modulation of alpha2-adrenoceptor subtypes in rat kidney by chronic desipramine treatment.

PMID 10374896


The profile of [3H]RX821002 (2-methoxy idazoxan) binding to alpha2-adrenoceptor subtypes in rat kidney membranes was evaluated in controls and after chronic treatment with desipramine (10 mg/kg, i.p., every 12 h, 7 days) or clorgyline (2 mg/kg, i.p., every 24 h, 21 days). [3H]RX821002 recognized with high affinity (Kd=1.5+/-0.2 nM in controls) a single and saturable population of binding sites (Bmax=57+/-5 fmol/mg protein in controls). The competitions by (-)-adrenaline, the alpha2B-adrenoceptor selective drug ARC239 (2-[2-[4-(o-methoxyphenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-4,4-dimethyl-1,3 (2H,4H)-isoquinolindione) and the alpha2A-adrenoceptor selective drug BRL44408 (2-[2H-(1-methyl-1,3-dihydroisoindole)methyl]-4,5-dihydroimidaz ole) suggested the existence of both alpha2A- and alpha2B-adrenoceptors together with a non-adrenoceptor binding site. After chronic desipramine but not after chronic clorgyline treatments, the density (Bmax) of alpha2-adrenoceptors was increased (46%). In the presence of ARC239 (50 nM), the density of alpha2A-adrenoceptors increased (44%) in the desipramine-treated group without changes in the clorgyline-treated group. Conversely, in the presence of BRL44408 (100 nM), the density of alpha2B-adrenoceptors was not affected by the treatments. The selective upregulation of the alpha2A-adrenoceptor subtype following chronic desipramine administration is compatible with a differential location and function of the alpha2-adrenoceptor subtypes in the rat kidney.

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ARC 239 dihydrochloride hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC)
C24H29N3O3·2HCl · xH2O