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Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

Is alpha-ketoisocaproyl-glutamine a suitable glutamine precursor to sustain fibroblast growth?


PMID 10459079

Abstract

Glutamine is considered an essential nutrient for cellular growth. To test the suitability of alpha-ketoisocaproyl-Gln (Kic-Gln) as a new glutamine (Gln) precursor to sustain human fibroblast growth. [3H] thymidine uptake into cellular DNA of human fibroblasts. Extracellular and intracellular amino acid patterns were determined with peptides and acylated compounds. L-alanyl-L-glutamine (used here as a recognized Gln precursor) promoted DNA synthesis, while N-acetyl-L-glutamine (used here as a negative control since it is known to be a poor Gln precursor) and alpha-ketoisocaproyl-glutamine had no effect. Alanyl-glutamine progressively gave rise to free glutamine in the growth medium. In contrast, glutamine supplied in acylated form was poorly available and did not appear in free form in the medium. In addition, only alanyl-glutamine increased intracellular glutamine and glutamate levels. In contrast, Kic-Gln was able to sustain net protein synthesis as judged by total protein content and reduced intracellular levels of most essential amino acids. Kic-Gln appears to be a poor extra-cellular precursor of Gln to sustain cell growth.

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A9125
Nα-Acetyl-L-glutamine
C7H12N2O4