Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Renal remodelling in dietary protein modified rat polycystic kidney disease.

PMID 10460502


Dietary protein restriction slows progression of the Han:SPRD-cy rat model of polycystic kidney disease. We undertook studies to examine the relative changes in interstitial and tubular pathology as a result of feeding an 8% casein (LP) diet to Han:SPRD-cy rats. Archival tissue from a previous study comparing LP and 20% casein (NP) diets was examined morphometrically after immunohistochemical or histochemical staining for apoptosis, proliferation antigens, interstitial fibrosis, and macrophage infiltration. Expression of common extracellular matrix genes was measured by Northern analysis. Animals fed LP diet demonstrated reduced tubular epithelial remodelling compared with animals fed NP diet by both proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells (57.5 vs. 71.6 cells/mm epithelium, P=0.007) or apoptosis (31.2 vs. 35.6 cells/mm epithelium, P=0.006). Interstitial pathology demonstrated that LP feeding was associated with proportionately greater reductions in interstitial fibrosis (0.3 vs. 1.3 ml/kg body weight, P=0.003), interstitial cellularity (361 vs. 604 cells/high-power field, P=0.0002), and interstitial macrophages (67 vs. 149 cells/high-power field, P=0. 0002). Northern analysis only revealed significantly lower levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein mRNA (P=0.04) in animals fed the LP diet. Dietary protein restriction modifies both tubule and interstitium, with significant impact upon interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in the Han:SPRD-cy rat.