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The Annals of thoracic surgery

Nitecapone as an additive to crystalloid cardioplegia in patients who had coronary artery bypass grafting.


PMID 10475405

Abstract

Nitecapone has been shown to have a protective effect against ischemia-reperfusion injury in experimental heart transplantation and in Langendorff preparations. This prospective, randomized study assessed the effects of nitecapone in patients who had coronary artery bypass grafting. Thirty patients with normal myocardial function were randomly divided into control patients (n = 15), who received crystalloid (Plegisol) cardioplegia, and nitecapone patients, who received nitecapone in a 50 microM solution (n = 15) in Plegisol. Cardioplegia was administered as an initial dose of 15 mL/kg of body mass after cross-clamping and 2 mL/kg every 15 minutes. Simultaneous coronary sinus and aortic blood samples, and myocardial biopsies were taken at 1, 5, and 10 minutes after unclamping. Hemodynamics were measured invasively for 24 hours and with transesophageal echocardiography for 3 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. There were no adverse effects. The incidence of ventricular arrhythmias was significantly lower in the treatment group during the recovery period (p = 0.02). Cardiac output and stroke volume did not differ significantly between the groups. The conjugated dienes gradient between the aorta and the coronary sinus increased significantly during the first minute of reperfusion in the control group (p = 0.02) compared with the nitecapone group. Myeloperoxidase activity in myocardial biopsies was higher in the control group (2.3 times higher at 5 minutes and 3.2 times higher at 10 minutes) than in the nitecapone group (p = 0.13). Nitecapone did not exert any significant hemodynamic effects in patients with normal ejection fraction.

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