Human genetics

Physical mapping of the G-protein coupled receptor 19 (GPR19) in the chromosome 12p12.3 region frequently rearranged in cancer cells.

PMID 10480372


Rearrangements of the short arm of chromosome 12 are frequently observed in hematological malignancies and in certain solid neoplasias. Loss of heterozygosity studies identified a small genetic interval on chromosome 12p12.3 that is frequently deleted in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Two genes, ETV6 and CDKN1B, are located within this interval although evidence has accumulated that an as yet unidentified tumor suppressor gene is closely linked. Here we report the physical mapping of the G-protein coupled receptor 19 (GPR19) at approximately 40kb from CDKN1B. The delineation of the gene order tel-ETV6-CDKN1B-GPR19-cen excluded GPR19 from the region commonly deleted in childhood ALL, but it could still be the target of genetic alterations found in other cancers.