Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

Mechanical properties of resin composites with filler particles aligned by an electric field.

PMID 10483399


To explore possible enhancement of the mechanical properties of resin composites by aligning the filler particles. The resin for the composites consisted of urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and 1,6-hexanediol dimethacrylate (HDDMA) mixed in the ratio of 90 to 10; the filler was silica-zirconia in two particle sizes, 1.7 microns (P50), which was mixed with the resin in the volume fractions of 29 and 48 vol%, and 0.7 micron (Z100), which was mixed with the resin in the volume fractions of 37 and 57 vol%. Particle alignment was obtained by applying a 60 Hz AC electric field across the composite before the resin was photopolymerized. The stress-strain behavior and the elastic modulus of the hardened composite were measured along the alignment axis in compression. The elastic moduli of the aligned composites increased by as much as 20%, and the maximum stress sustainable in compression before significant deformation occurred was elevated. An electric field strength of the order of 1 kV mm-1 was required to obtain sufficient alignment. Besides conferring a structure to resin composites that is more like that of the natural tooth, particle alignment increased some of the mechanical properties and may have improved durability.

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1,6-Hexanediol dimethacrylate, contains 100 ppm hydroquinone as inhibitor, ≥90%